A silicone-based microfluidic chip grafted with carboxyl functionalized hyperbranched polyglycerols for selective protein capture
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, Volume 9, p.199-209 (2010)
Abstract~~A poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS)-based functional microfluidic device containing a charged matrix of PDMS pillar arrays grafted with hyperbranched polyglycerols (HPGs) was developed. Samples of PDMS were modified with allylamine plasma to form amine groups on the surface prior to the covalent grafting of succinimdyl ester-functionalized HPGs. The anionic functionality of the PDMS channel matrices was developed by altering the number of carboxyl groups present on the HPGs. The grafting of HPGs onto PDMS plates was investigated via contact angle measurement and attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), while the grafting of the inside channel was investigated by electroosmotic flow (EOF) measurements. The charge density on grafted HPG was optimized to minimize the nonspecific protein adsorption and increase the selective capture of positively charged proteins. A proof-of-concept device was fabricated on PDMS and demonstrated that the device selectively captures positively charged protein (avidin) from a mixture of bovine serum albumin (BSA)-avidin at pH 7.4 in phosphate buffered saline (PBS). In order to increase the capture efficiency of the proteins in this PDMS-based device, pillar arrays have been fabricated within the channel. As a demonstration, the new device separated two proteins with an avidin capture efficiency of 100 $\pm$ 2.95% per 3 min from a 0.02 mg/ml protein solution (avidin:BSA wt ratio: 1:1). This new microfluidic-based device shows a great deal of promise as a tool for protein capture and analysis.