%0 Journal Article %J Opt. Express %D 2013 %T Silicon photonic grating-assisted, contra-directional couplers %A , Wei Shi %A Wang, Xu %A Lin, Charlie %A Yun, Han %A Liu, Yang %A Baehr-Jones, Tom %A , Michael Hochberg %A Jaeger, Nicolas %A , Lukas Chrostowski %I OSA %K Gratings; Phase shift; Integrated optics devices; Optical resonators; Optical switching devices %P 3633--3650 %U http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-3-3633 %V 21 %X We demonstrate, in both theory and experiment, 4-port, electrically tunable photonic filters using silicon contra-directional couplers (contra-DCs) with uniform and phase-shifted waveguide Bragg gratings. Numerical analysis, including both intra- and inter-waveguide couplings, is performed using coupled-mode theory and the transfer-matrix method. The contra-DC devices were fabricated by a CMOS-photonics manufacturing foundry and are electrically tunable using free-carrier injection. A 4-port, grating-based photonic resonator has been obtained using the phase-shifted contra-DC, showing a resonant peak with a 3-dB bandwidth of 0.2 nm and an extinction ratio of 24 dB. These contra-DC devices enable on-chip integration of Bragg-grating-defined functions without using circulators and have great potential for applications such as wavelength-division multiplexing networks and optical signal processing. %8 02/2013 %9 article